Neurological rehabilitation (rehab) is treatment to help a person recover from a disease or injury that affects the nervous system. You may need rehab include if you’ve had a stroke, traumatic brain injury, degenerative nerve disease, cancer, or an infection.Neurological rehabilitation is designed to help treat patients with nervous system or neurological diseases. Rehabilitation aims to increase function, reduce debilitating symptoms, and improve a patient’s quality of life. The types of rehabilitation treatments recommended depend on the areas of the body affected by the neurological condition.
Physical therapists help and treat patients with a disease or injury contributing to pain or to loss of strength, range of motion, balance or coordination. Their goal is to restore and maintain a person’s ability to move and do physical tasks.
FAST -Face drooping, Arm Weakness, Speech difficulties.
The weakness of the face, arm and leg on one side of the body with decreased sensation, changes in vision, decreased cognitive function
Decreased coordination, double vision, dizziness, deafness
Sudden severe headache, loss of consciousness, nausea, vomiting
High blood pressure
Physiotherapy is an integral component of your road to recovery from a Stroke. A stroke known as a cerebrovascular accident is a result of a lack of oxygen to the brain due to a clot causing decreased blood flow, or a ruptured vessels in the brain. Physiotherapy applied early in the patient journey will improve, function, health, and independence.
Improve motor control
Use several different techniques for sensory stimulation to facilitate movement.
Learning theory approach
Conductive education and motor relearning theory
Functional electrical stimulation
Help restore motor control, spasticity, and hemiplegia
Use of passive and assistive care devices.
Other treatments include
Tone management, Sensory re-education, Balance retraining, Fall prevention, Gait re-education, Functional mobility training
our physiotherapist will start by assessing how the condition is affecting you, whether you are newly diagnosed or have been diagnosed for some time.
They will carry out a full assessment of what you can do and discuss with you your goals and possibilities. This might include looking at your posture and your ability to reach and grasp objects and to change positions; for example, turning in bed, getting up from a chair and walking.
Physiotherapists usually work as part of a team of health and social care professionals who will help you plan how to look after yourself and best manage the life you would like to lead. This can involve giving you information about Parkinson’s and answering your questions about what you are experiencing and what the future may hold. They will discuss your priorities with you and how you plan to manage your condition; offer advice based on your individual needs, which may include how to prevent falls; exercises to maintain your balance, strength and flexibility, and techniques to help with walking and general fitness.
In the early stages, you may want to focus on keeping fit, active and healthy, and to minimise the impact that Parkinson’s has on your life. physiotherapist can support you by helping you to identify which activities to take up. The emphasis is on encouraging you to keep moving.
If you start to experience problems with your movement, contact physiotherapist. They can problem-solve with you, suggest how you can maintain your physical activity, consider what you need when you are out and about, and teach you and your family and friends strategies to help you move better. The emphasis is on helping you to stay active and safe.
As you get older, and as the condition progresses, some of the symptoms of Parkinson’s can have a bigger impact on your day-to-day life. physiotherapist will support you in making decisions about how you cope with these changes. Again, the emphasis is on helping you and your support network to make decisions about the best way to keep you active and safe.
Head Injury And Rehabilitation
Physical therapists (PTs) are trained in movement and movement dysfunction to help strengthen a patient’s physical abilities. They help relieve pain through the use of therapeutic exercise, heat, cold and electric stimulation. PTs also provide expertise in human mobility, analyzing gait patterns, prescribing treatment and recommending devices (such as braces or crutches) to enable independent movement. By increasing coordination, strength and endurance, a PT can help a patient recover from physical injuries and impairments.
PTs are specialists in evaluating and treating disorders of the human body by using physical means rather than drugs. They are legally and ethically responsible for planning, implementing and evaluating a physical therapy program. This responsibility often includes instructing patients and their families and supervising physical therapist assistants, physical therapy aides, students and other health care workers in carrying out the program or selected parts of it. The PT consults and works closely with the patient’s physician and other health care practitioners in establishing treatment objectives which are realistic and consistent with the patient’s needs. They also provide services aimed at preventing the onset and/or slowing the progression of conditions resulting from injury, disease and other causes.
To help prevent head injuries, try the following suggestions:
If you drink alcohol, drink in moderation. Never drink and drive.
Wear a seat belt or helmet.
If you play sports, wear appropriate protective headgear.
If your job involves working high above the ground, use approved safety equipment to prevent accidental falls. Never work in a high place if you feel dizzy or light-headed, have been drinking alcohol, or are taking medication that can make you dizzy or affect your balance.
Get periodic vision checks. Poor vision can increase your risk of falls and other types of accidents. This is especially true if you are elderly or if you work in high places.
Spinal Cord Injury
A spinal cord injury — damage to any part of the spinal cord or nerves at the end of the spinal canal (cauda equina) — often causes permanent changes in strength, sensation and other body functions below the site of the injury.
Depending on the level of Spinal Cord Injury and its nature whether it be complete or incomplete, the problems associated can include:
Reduced ability to breathe
Loss of general mobility and balance
Loss of functional movement
Treatment should be focused upon that individual and tailored specifically to their condition. A treatment programme is formulated following a thorough physical assessment which might include:
Stretching activities to maintain muscle and tendon length and reduce or keep muscle spasms/spasticity to a minimum.
Flexibility and strengthening exercises for the whole body.
Breathing exercises to maximise lung function and prevent chest infection.
Balance and posture exercises which can help to reduce pain associated with poor posture and balance impairment and ensure correct transfer techniques (in/out of wheelchair, bed, toilet/bath, car etc.)
Functional activities to improve fundamental movement patterns such as rolling over and sitting up, and standing where appropriate.
Walking re-education, if there is sufficient muscle activity and power in the legs.